Oakham School History Department
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Bitesize: BBC revision site
Some questions produce detailed and useful answers
The History Channel
You won't see another History site like this.
Useful site for GCSE and A Level students: reference information, exam & revision techniques, reminders of relevant television programmes.
You can get useful information here - but all that 'Flash' slows it down.
Click on 'History Study Stop'.
If you get fed up with the 'Flash' graphics, go here, for the History Channel
http://www.the history channel/classroom/new/home5.shtml
Or direct to these sections, where you will find information on events, developments and people of the period, links and learning aids [site is developing, so this list will grow]:
Greenfield History - John D Clare
This excellent site contains a wealth of practical material – closely targeted on GCSE content, presented in a way that makes learning easy.
Sections include Mini Books (Essential factual knowledge for GCSE) on : Treaty of Versailles | League of Nations | Road to World War II | Weimar Republic | Hitler's Rise to Power | The Cold War | Russia 1917–1941 | Britain & World War.
Coursework Topics on Haig and World War I & Votes for Women.
Also: Revision Sheets (with collapsible lists to help you practise remembering) on: Treaty of Versailles | League of Nations | Road to WWII | Weimar Germany | Cold War | Russia.
Finally: Exemplar Essays - how to write the perfect exam essay.
Another comprehensive Spartacus site - easy to read articles aimed at secondary students, covering these main topics [each topic contains 8 to over 100 articles]:
First World War | German Art | Weimar Republic | Political Parties | Political Leaders | Foreign Policy | Nazi Germany Military Leaders | Resistance in Nazi Germany | Scientists in Nazi Germany | Second World War | The Holocaust
Fall of the Weimar Republic - a well written account
Weimar election results - a table
A simple biography of Hitler:
The History Place: The Rise of Adolf Hitler
From Unknown to Dictator of Germany: a Complete History in 24 Chapters
Also The Triumph of Hitler
The story continued, 1933-39 in 18 chapters..
Grolier On-Line encyclopaedia article on Hitler:
85 Photographs of Adolf Hitler - from About.com
BBC World War II
Links to several articles on Hitler etc...
Was Hitler a Passionate Lunatic?
Public Record Office site - source examination of Hitler in 1937
A collection of translations of Nazi & DDR propaganda material - much of which is quite specialised, but also including two excellent collections of Nazi posters - good reproductions with simple explanations:
Posters up to 1933:
Spartacus: USA 1840-1960
A comprehensive site, full of useful detail, easy to navigate, covering many topics:
Artists & Illustrators |Journalists & Magazines | Slavery |Woman's Suffrage | Civil Rights Movement | Photographers | Novelists & Poets | Political Figures | First World War | Political Events & Issues | Business Leaders | Trade Unions | Journalists | Cartoonists | Famous Criminal Cases | Roosevelt and the New Deal | McCarthyism | Theatre & Cinema
About.com The Great Depression - easy to use, well-labelled links.
A great place to start:
Spartacus: Roosevelt and the New Deal
Important people... Legislation... Photographers of the New Deal - a superb resource.
FDR Cartoon Archive
This site contains 1000s of political cartoons from the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Excellent resource for interpreting the New Deal period, - B/W gifs.
Covers 1933, 1934, 1937 (S Court) 1943, with supporting texts.
Detailed database available
Sections: Waiting For the New Deal | Foreign Relations | The First One-Hundred Days | Farm Issues | Alphabet Soup | Supreme Court Reform | The War Years 1942, 1943 | The Road To Pennsylvania Avenue
Collection will grow as time allows
FDR Library & Digital Archives
Sections: FDR & Eleanor R, Depression & New Deal, World War II
1000s of royalty-free photos -as gifs, good-quality
Good, detailed labels, but not easy to navigate.
Franklin D.Roosevelt - Encarta Article
Good for 'reading the story' and with plenty of useful facts.
Spartacus Encyclopedia of Russian History, 18660-1914
Another excellent section of the Spartacus website:
Russia 1860-1914: Events and Issues: 1860-1914 | Revolutionary Philosophers | Russian Revolutionaries | Political and Military Figures | Russian Literature | Newspapers and Journals
Russian Revolution: 1917-20: Events and Issues | Russian Revolutionaries | Political Groups | Foreign Witnesses
The Soviet Union: 1920-45: Events and Issues | Second World War
The Soviet Union: 1945-90: Events and Issues | Soviet Political Figures
The Russian Revolution
Timeline of the Russian Revolution, 1917, and a brief account of some key individuals and events.
Chronology of Russian History 1917-1991.
If you want who did what, when - this is the place to come. A lot of links, sometimes to quite advanced sites.
An effective - clear, well-organised and quite thoroug account.
The End of Tsarism 1914-1917: How strong was the Tsarist regime in 1914? Why did the rule of the Tsar collapse in February/March 1917?
The Provisional Government and the Bolshevik Revolution: Why did the Provisional Government last for only eight months?
Creation of a communist state 1917-1924: How did Lenin impose communist control in Russia? How successful was Lenin in creating a new society in Russia?
The rule of Stalin 1924-1941: How far did Stalin set up a personal dictatorship in communist Russia? To what extent did Stalin make the USSR a great economic power?
Steven Kreis: Russian revolution 1
The Russian Revolution, February - October 1917 (1)
Advanced but chatty lecture.
Steven Kreis: Bolshevik revolution
Advanced but chatty lecture.
Steven Kreis: The Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution
To mid-20s and Stalin's rise
Advanced but chatty lecture.
This is not simple, but then it does provide a comprehensive essay on Stalin's career.
Very brief text, but some good photos. Whole career.
A long list of links on the Russian Revolution and after:
About.com Russian Revolution - easy to use, well-labelled links.
A great place to start:
Links for Lenin & his life - comprehensive:
Vladimir I. Lenin - Encarta Article
Not great depth but clear and adequate coverage..
Lenin Internet Archive - a lot here, very good for photos
Lenin Biography (Infoplease) - straightforward, with links to other
Russian Texts in English
On this page you can find Russian historical texts in English. They are divided by period: Russian history before 1800, Russian history 1801-1991, Russian history 1905-30.
Designed for advanced study, but some may be of interest to GCSE - Programmes of the various political parties, Lenin on the 'April Theses', Treaty of Brest-Litovsk...
Stalin Biography - Grolier
Joseph Stalin - Encarta Article
Covers a big story in limited space..
Stalin (Alberta Grade 9 Social Studies)
Clear Summary of Stalin's rule.
Excellent gateway: a page of links to 15 sites which show Soviet Posters (more modern than revolutionary)
The Chairman smiles - Soviet Posters
32 posters from 1919 to 1938 - from celebrating the Bolshevik revolution to celebrating Stalin and the Five Year Plans
Gareth Jones Collection of Posters
An interesting collection of 11 rare Soviet political propaganda posters, purchased on his 1931 visit to the Soviet Union by Gareth Jones, and discovered in 1990 rolled up in Gareth's old attic bedroom under his bed approximately 55 years after his murder by bandits in Manchukuo.. Notes on each poster.
Big site of Communist bloc posters. Commercial - limited use for copying
Revolution by Design: The Soviet Poster
This is a good text introduction. The site contains a good range, although the print quality is fair only. Divided into 6 periods:
The Bolshevik Era (1917-1921) | The New Economic Policy (1921-1927) | The First and Second Five Year Plans (1928-1937) | The Great Patriotic War (1939 - 1945) | The Cold War (1946 - 1984) .
The site has a good search system.
Lotman Archive of Russian Posters
Huge site, which uses various ways of organising the posters. Text in German.
Victoria E. Bonnell: Russian Posters, 1914-1953
29 posters from 1914-53
Funet Soveit Posters
7 Revolutionary & post-revolutionary and 7 Great Patriotic War posters, with notes
Socialist Realism: The New Mythology
A series of pictures and texts which show how Socialist Realist artists and writers portrayed the Soviet state, its leaders and its people
Grigori Shegal: Leader, Teacher and Friend (Comrade Stalin at the Congress of Collective Farm Shock-Workers). 1937..one example of the school:
Grigory Shegal: Biography
Osip Mandelstam (Spartacus)
Poet who died in the Purges and who described Stalin as "the Kremlin mountaineer, the murderer and peasant-slayer".
Osip Mandelstam: Biography
Maxim Litvinov (Spartacus)
Commissar of Foreign Affairs in 1930s
Nikolai Krylenko (Spartacus)
Commissar for Justice in the 1930s
Khrushchev's Secret Speech
One of the great documents of History. Khrushchev 'secretly' launches deStalinisation.
Svetlana Alliluyeva - Wikipedia
Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Joseph Stalin. A biographical entry from the Wikiopedia free on-line encyclopedia... with many links.
Svetlana Alliluyeva speaks
Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Joseph Stalin, discusses her defection to the West [Real Audio]
Versailles - all you could possibly want to know!
Treaty of Versailles
Peace Treaties with Germany's Allies (1919-23)
Good summary with comments
Good summary with comments
Causes of World War II - a useful round-up essay from Grolier:
PRO LearningCurve: Britain 1906-18
Contrast, Contradiction & Change
This excellent exhibition from the PRO covers the 3 main sections of the GCSE Paper 2:
1. Liberal Welfare Reforms 1906-1911 & Achievements of the Liberal Reforms
2. Early 1900s Women's suffrage & Gaining Women's Suffrage
3. Civilians and War 1914-1918 & Propaganda 1914-1918
1... "Britain was a land of empire and wealth, of hope and glory. By contrast it was also a country of poverty, ill health and misery. Learn how the Liberal government tried to help the least fortunate in society.
2... Britain was a country of seeming contradictions - where women were idealised as angels of the home yet did some of the worst jobs for the lowest pay and could not vote to change things. Learn more about the campaign for women's suffrage.
3... One of the biggest forces for change is war and the deadly struggle of the First World War changed Britain in many ways. Find out more about British life in 1914-18."
There is also a 'Review & Revision' section, and a useful Internet links
The documents and exercises canbe downloaded - as a .pdf File [7.8 MB]
Active History Britain 1906-18
A collection of information sheets, worksheets & activities from the excellent Active History website